Videolaparoscopy is a technique that can be used for both diagnosis and surgical treatment. It is performed with the objective of observing the structures present in the abdominal and pelvic region and, if necessary, removal or correction of the alteration. Videolaparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery and can be indicated for the diagnosis and treatment of women who suffer from endometriosis. This surgical intervention can be performed in patients in which conventional hormonal treatment has not effectively improved symptoms. It can also be done to identify and eliminate outbreaks of endometriosis, in addition to preserving organs that can be damaged as the disease progresses, symptoms will be reduced and the chances of getting pregnant will be increased.
Although the surgical procedure is simple, it must be done under general anesthesia and consists of making a small cut in the region close to the navel through which a tube containing carbon dioxide and a micro camera inserted that will guide the doctor during the surgery.. It consists of cauterizing damaged tissues and removing adhesions from the endometrium caused by endometriosis. In more severe cases, it is necessary to remove organs that have been damaged by adhesions, such as ovaries, uterus, bladder and parts of the intestine.
Despite being a minimally invasive procedure and usually with a shorter duration than conventional surgery, it should be performed in a hospital environment under general anesthesia.